FANDOM


20081105 Gliocladium roseum

Eagle view of Gliocladium roseum http://www.cosmosmagazine.com/files/imagecache/news/files/news/20081105_Gliocladium_roseum.jpg

Gliocladium roseum (Clonostachys rosea f. rosea)Edit

INTRO: Most famously known as "The fungus that produces diesel". This trait is a self preservation mechanism within this fungi that occurs naturally.


Domain: Fungi
Phylum: Ascomycota
Class: Sordariomycetes
Order: Hypocreales
Family: Bionectriaceae
Genus: Clonostachys
Species: roseum

Physical PropertiesEdit

Given that it is a fungus, this organism is a parasitic growth. It has a reddish hue and is fairly small. It uses plants by playing the role of an endophyte, absorbs material in soil as a saprophyte and is also known to be parasitic towards other fungues and nematodes. It produces a wide range of toxic compounds used to ward off other fungi, bacteria, and insects. The emissions of a certain strain, found in ulmo trees in the rainforests of Patagonia and Chile, have been said to resemble diesel, and are refered to as myco-diesel.


Effects on other living OrganismsEdit

This fungus helps prevent the growth of grey mold, or Botrytis cinerea by suppressing the production of spores. It's hyphae have been found to exhibit a strangling behavior on the hyphae and conidia of the grey mold, crushing and penetrating the latter.

This organism also infects nematodes, by having its conidia attatch to the nematode's cuticles, and germinating to produce germ tubes, which kill the penetrate the Nematodes and kill them.

Range and Frequency Edit

This strain is found in rainforests. The myco-diesel producing variant is found in Pantagonia and Chile. Given that it is a fungus, they are found in large amounts in their specified locations as mentioned above. However, each one found has different chemical qualities, and only the ones found in Pantagonia and Chile have the biofuel requirements that merit their finding.

Other FactsEdit

The main focus of this fungus is it's ability to produce bio fuel. It's two main traits are:

a) its ability to generate hydrocarbons/gasses used to fuel diesel engines

b)The ability to digest cellulose.

Professor Gary Strobel of Montana State University, the man who discovered the diesel strain, said, "this is the only organism that has ever been shown to produce such an important combination of fuel substances."

From his research, volatile hydrocarbons were produced when the same strain was cultured on both oatmeal-based agar and on a cellulose-based medium. The former procuded a wide range of acetic acid esters of straight chained alkanes, decade, undecane, cyclohexane and more, while the latter formed heptane, benzene, octane and other hydrocarbons.

Video:Edit

thumb|left|300px|An analysis by the very man who discovered this strain













Citations:Edit

"The Spore"-Alter ego: Gliocladium roseum" . Retrieved November 12, 2010, from http://www.miller-mccune.com/uncategorized/the-spore-alter-ego-gliocladium-roseum-3746/

Rainforest fungus makes diesel. Retrieved November 12, 2010, from

http://www.physorg.com/news144958975.html

Acornorganic: Gliocladium roseum.Retrieved November 12, 2010, from

http://www.acornorganic.org/pdf/sutton.pdf

Community content is available under CC-BY-SA unless otherwise noted.